Code man! Right now!

It feels so good when girls go gaga when you say your a Masters student. And then more drooling when you say you are from the computer engineering department. No, I am not making up this stuff. Apparently they think about us making the next big Facebook. Aaah. That explains doesn’t it? They ask me “So you’ll get rich pretty soon right?” I don’t have the heart to say otherwise. Basically, I do love all the attention. ūüėõ

Anyways, I was wondering. Why not make it big? I can’t own a Ferrari if I end up working in some company. Its true. But not everyone ends up with a successful start up either. But ya, who cares? I mean, people, we should just go for it. I loved this video. Inspires to learn coding. I’m putting it up on my wall. Because guys, programming is important.

Code man! Right now!

Design Pattern: Strategy

 Strategy pattern defines a family of algorithms, encapsulates each one, and makes them interchangeable. It lets the algorithm vary independently from clients that use it.

Strategy Design Pattern
Strategy Design Pattern

Abstract Class: Duck.java

We create objects  after sub classing it into a concrete class from an abstract type. In our case, is the Duck Class. This provides the basis for all the XxxDuck objects that are created. Two things to be mentioned;

  1. We are programming the different “behavior” to an interface. And this could be an abstract class as well. References to these instance variables are provided as instance variables in the Class Definition.
  2. Public “Setters” are provided so that the behavior of the object can be set or changed dynamically as shown in this example.
package com.npk.strategy;

public abstract class Duck {

FlyBehavior flyBehavior;
QuackBehavior quackBehavior;

public abstract void display();

public void setFlyBehavior(FlyBehavior flyBehavior){
this.flyBehavior = flyBehavior;
}

public void setQuackBehavior(QuackBehavior quackBehavior){
this.quackBehavior = quackBehavior;
}

public void performFly(){
flyBehavior.fly();
}

public void performQuack(){
quackBehavior.quack();
}

public void performSwim(){
System.out.println("All ducks can swim!");
}
}

Interface: FlyBehavior.java and QuackBehavior.java

Any variable behavior of an object are to be programmed to an interface.
This way, you get two things:

  1. Compostion
  2. Loosely coupled objects.

Both of which are good OO Designs aspects.


package com.npk.strategy;

public interface FlyBehavior {

public void fly();
}

package com.npk.strategy;

public interface QuackBehavior {

public void quack();
}

Concrete Implementation: DummyDuck.java

We subclass the abstract Duck class to get a concrete DummyDuck class where we can set the behavior in the class constructor ( optional )


package com.npk.strategy;

public class DummyDuck extends Duck {

public DummyDuck(){
this.setFlyBehavior(new FlyNoWay());
this.setQuackBehavior(new SquekQuack());
}

@Override
public void display() {
System.out.println("This is a dummy duck.");

}

}

Concrete classes: FlyNoWay.java and SquekQuack.java

These form the actual implementation of the FlyBehavior and the QuackBehavior interfaces respectively.


package com.npk.strategy;

public class FlyNoWay implements FlyBehavior {

@Override
public void fly() {
System.out.println("Cannot fly.");

}

}

package com.npk.strategy;

public class SquekQuack implements QuackBehavior {

@Override
public void quack() {
System.out.println("Duck squeking.");

}

}

The Application Launcher We show two things here.

  1. Setting the behavior using the constructor.
  2. Changing the set behavior using the setters provided.

package com.npk.strategy;

public class Launcher {

public static void main(String[] args) {
Duck duck = new DummyDuck();
duck.display();
duck.performFly();
duck.performQuack();

System.out.println("---------------------");
duck.setFlyBehavior(new FlyWithWings());
duck.setQuackBehavior(new MuteQuack());

duck.performFly();
duck.performQuack();
}

}

The final output


This is a dummy duck.
Cannot fly.
Duck squeking.
---------------------
Duck flying.
Mute quack.

Design Pattern: Strategy

Why is it a good idea to Graduate?

  • Fuel your already bloated ego.
  • You have lots of money, don’t know what to do with it.
  • Decide to travel exotic places in the name of education.
  • You came to know about the free food available at conferences and seminars.
  • Your parents happen to be overqualified.
  • Because your friend just graduated.
  • The illusion of a great career thereafter. ( $$$ )
  • The sudden¬†realization¬†that you are too young to work.
  • You decide to¬†pursue¬†that special area of interest you had since kindergarden.
  • The¬†realization¬†that your current discipline sucks and that you desperately need a change.
  • Someone told you that teaching positions open up at universities once you have your masters.
  • Oh oh, I thought I’d never come to this. You love research and decide to¬†pursue¬†a Ph.D
Why is it a good idea to Graduate?

What certification, I mean does certifications even hold any value?

The craze for certifications. Does it prove anything at all? There are a couple of reasons why one may choose to certify.

“I need a job”

Of course, that is important. Maybe you are from a non Computer Science (CS) background and would like to jump in. Now, that’s a valid reason. And yes, the pay.

“I need to be good programmer”

Oooh oh! Okay, now we have a problem. There are a few things that cannot be replaced by hands on experience. I’ve been working for a year and a half now, and I will definitely not say something like that. Am I am better programmer now? Yes. This guy comes to me and says, “I am a kick ass Java programmer.”. I was amused actually. To feed his own ego, and out of devilish curiosity, I did ask him, “How come?”.

“I passed my SCJP exam. 96% \m/ “. Poor thing, I didn’t have the heart to tell him, “You are by no means, a good programmer. You are now an expert at Java syntax and a few important classes.”

“I know this is just a base certification, but this IS a requirement for higher certification from this company.”
Oh yes, of course. One of the saddest parts of certification. Why don’t they let you appear for the final thing? Commerialization. Don’t you think?

“I put in my time and money. It was a costly exam.”
Ya, this a good thing that prospective employers may like. That you are serious about your career and is putting that extra effort on your part.

“I just improved my overall knowledge about the subject”
The one thing I DO like about certifying. You know the stuff in and out now. And even those things you missed out at your workplace. Oh look, now you can apply your new found knowledge! ūüôā

“What about the Comptia “plus” exams”
I have nothing against the company. Or their certifications. They are good. Yes. See this Top 10 2012 Techrepublic. But they are too basic and low level. If you are from a non CS background and have the money :P, please continue by all means.

“What about Sun..I mean Oracle certifications?”
Hmm..we did have a discussion on that. SCJP proves that you have good command over Java. That’s it. It can get a HR at a company to get you noticed. But yes, the ‘higher’ end certifications that require you to have ‘hands on’ or ‘practical stuff’, they are worthwhile. Again, you should have the time and money. I am not talking about the dedication, because you wouldn’t be reading this otherwise.

“I know RHCE is popular”
I know that. SO?

“It should be good, right?”
Depends on what you want to do. Yes, it is the most recognized Linux certification (industry). And more so because, it a hands on exam. But unfortunately, it doesn’t make you a good Admin with just the certification. And yes, I regret saying this, there are lot of corrupt practices going behind the scenes, esp between the testing center and the test taker. I hope its not the same everywhere. Like this guy trying to install (RHCE certified, ahem) tomcat on a Debian box. He goes, ”¬†yum install tom.. ¬†“. Sigh.

“CCNA is good!”
Yes, always comes in the top IT certifications every year. But again, do you wish to go into the networking track?

“So, what then?”
Do a certification if you:
1. Wish to improve your knowledge base.
2. Change from a non IT background.
3. Specialize a certain subject.
4. Your employer is paying for your certification ( By all means, do it  )
5. Glorify your resume (Partly because there is nothing much on it)
6. Boost your ego (Have all those white papers hanging on the wall, show off)
7. Get your first job? (That’s what she said)

What certification, I mean does certifications even hold any value?

Linked Lists in Java

You might want to check out these before continuing:

https://linuxjunkies.wordpress.com/2010/11/18/data-structures-using-java-part-6-linked-lists-part-1/

https://linuxjunkies.wordpress.com/2010/11/26/data-structures-using-java-part-7-linked-lists-part-2-doubly-linked/

Linked List

ListNode Class


public class ListNode {

	Object data;
	ListNode nextNode;
	
	ListNode (Object object, ListNode node){
		data = object;
		nextNode = node;
	}
	
	ListNode (Object object){
		this(object,null);
	}
	
	Object getObject(){
		return data;
	}
	
	ListNode getNext(){
		return nextNode;
	}
}

List Class


public class List {

	private ListNode firstNode;
	private ListNode lastNode;
	private String name;
	
	public List(){
		this("list");
	}
	
	public List(String listname){
		name = listname;
		firstNode = lastNode = null;
	}
	
	public void insertAtFront(Object item){
		if (isEmpty())
			firstNode = lastNode = new ListNode(item);
		else
			firstNode = new ListNode(item, firstNode);
	}
	
	public void insertAtBack(Object item){
		if (isEmpty())
			firstNode = lastNode = new ListNode(item);
		else
			lastNode = lastNode.nextNode = new ListNode(item);
	}
	
	public Object removeFromFront() throws EmptyListException{
		if (isEmpty())
			throw new EmptyListException(name);
		Object removed = firstNode.data;
		
		if( firstNode == lastNode)
			firstNode = lastNode = null;
		else
			firstNode = firstNode.nextNode;
		
		return removed;
	}
	
	public Object removeFromBack() throws EmptyListException{
		if (isEmpty())
			throw new EmptyListException(name);
		
		Object removed = lastNode.data;
		
		if( firstNode == lastNode)
			firstNode = lastNode = null;
		else{
			
			ListNode current = firstNode;
			
			while(current.nextNode != lastNode)
				current = current.nextNode;
			
			lastNode = current;
			current.nextNode = null;	
		}
		return removed;
		
	}
	
	public boolean isEmpty(){
		return firstNode == null;
	}
	
	public void print(){
		if (isEmpty()){
			System.out.println("List is empty");
			return;
		}
		
		ListNode current = firstNode;
		while (current != null){
			System.out.printf("%s --> ", current.data);
			current = current.nextNode;
		}
		System.out.println();
	}
	
	public int length(){
		int length = 0;
		
		if (isEmpty()){
			return 0;
		}
		
		ListNode current = firstNode;
		while (current != null){
			current = current.nextNode;
			length++;
		}
		return length;
	}
	
	public int recursiveSize(){
		return recursiveLength(firstNode);
	}
	
	public int recursiveLength(ListNode current){
		
		if (isEmpty()){
			return 0;
		}
		
		if (current == null)
			return 0;
		
		return (1 + recursiveLength(current.nextNode));
	}
	
}
	

ListTest Class


public class ListTest {

	public static void main(String[] args){
		
		List list = new List();
		
		list.insertAtFront( "four" ); 
		list.print();             
		list.insertAtFront( "two" ); 
		list.print();            
		list.insertAtBack( "six" );  
		list.print();          
		list.insertAtBack( "nine" );  
		list.print();            
		
		System.out.printf("Length: %d%n", list.recursiveSize());
		System.out.printf("Length: %d%n", list.length());
		
		try{
		    System.out.printf( "%s removed\n", list.removeFromFront());
		    list.print();
		    System.out.printf( "%s removed\n", list.removeFromFront());
		    list.print();
		    System.out.printf( "%s removed\n", list.removeFromBack());
		    list.print();
		    System.out.printf( "%s removed\n", list.removeFromBack());
		    list.print();
		}catch ( EmptyListException e ){
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
		
		System.out.printf("Length: %d%n", list.recursiveSize());
		System.out.printf("Length: %d%n", list.length());
		
		       
	}
}

This is what you get

four --> 
two --> four --> 
two --> four --> six --> 
two --> four --> six --> nine --> 
Length: 4
Length: 4
two removed
four --> six --> nine --> 
four removed
six --> nine --> 
nine removed
six --> 
six removed
List is empty
Length: 0
Length: 0
Linked Lists in Java

String Reversal in Java using StringBuffer, toCharacterArray and Recursion

Using StringBuffer Class

new StringBuffer(name).reverse().toString()

Using CharArray and StringBuilder

        public static String charReverse(String data){
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		char[] ca = data.toCharArray();
		
		for (int i=data.length()-1; i>=0;i--){
			sb.append(ca[i]);
		}
		return sb.toString();
	}

Using Recursion

public static String recursiveReverse(String data){
		
		if (data.length() < 2)
			return data;
		
		return recursiveReverse(data.substring(1)) + data.charAt(0);
	}

StringReversal Class

public class StringReversal {

	public static void main (String[] args){
		String name = "linuxjunkies";
		
		System.out.println("StringBuffer: " + new StringBuffer(name).reverse().toString());
		System.out.println("CharacterArray: " + charReverse(name));
		System.out.println("Recursion: " + recursiveReverse(name));
	}
	
	public static String charReverse(String data){
		StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
		char[] ca = data.toCharArray();
		
		for (int i=data.length()-1; i>=0;i--){
			sb.append(ca[i]);
		}
		return sb.toString();
	}
	
	public static String recursiveReverse(String data){
		
		if (data.length() < 2)
			return data;
		
		return recursiveReverse(data.substring(1)) + data.charAt(0);
	}
}

The Output

StringBuffer: seiknujxunil
CharacterArray: seiknujxunil
Recursion: seiknujxunil
String Reversal in Java using StringBuffer, toCharacterArray and Recursion

Binary Tree and Tree Traversals using Java

    The root node of a tree is the node with no parents. There is at most one root node in a rooted tree.A leaf node has no children.
    The depth of a node n is the length of the path from the root to the node. The set of all nodes at a given depth is sometimes called a level of the tree. The root node is at depth zero.
    The height of a tree is the length of the path from the root to the deepest node in the tree. A (rooted) tree with only one node (the root) has a height of zero.
    Siblings are nodes that share the same parent node.
    A node p is an ancestor of a node q if it exists on the path from q to the root. The node q is then termed a descendant of p.
    The size of a node is the number of descendants it has including itself.
    In-degree of a node is the number of edges arriving at that node.
    Out-degree of a node is the number of edges leaving that node.
    The root is the only node in the tree with In-degree = 0.

BInary Tree

TreeNode Class


public class TreeNode{

	TreeNode leftNode;
	TreeNode rightNode;
	int data;
	
	public TreeNode(int value){
		data = value;
		leftNode = rightNode = null;
	}
	
	public void insert(int value){
		if (value < data){
			if (leftNode == null)
				leftNode = new TreeNode(value);
			else
				leftNode.insert(value);
		}
		else if (value > data){
			if (rightNode == null)
				rightNode = new TreeNode(value);
			else
				rightNode.insert(value);
		}
	}

}

Preorder Traversal

  preorder(node)
  if node = null then return
  print node.value
  preorder(node.left) 
  preorder(node.right)

Preorder Traversal

Postorder Traversal

  postorder(node)
  if node = null then return
  postorder(node.left)
  postorder(node.right)
  print node.value

PostOrder Traversal

Inorder Traversal

  inorder(node)
  if node = null then return
  inorder(node.left)
  print node.value
  inorder(node.right)

Inorder Traversal

Queue based Level order Traversal

levelorder(root) 
  q = empty queue
  q.enqueue(root)
  while not q.empty do
    node := q.dequeue()
    visit(node)
    if node.left ‚Ȇ null
      q.enqueue(node.left)
    if node.right ‚Ȇ null
      q.enqueue(node.right)

Level Order

Tree Class


public class Tree {

	private TreeNode root;
	
	Queue queue = new Queue();
	
	public Tree(){
		root = null;
	}
	
	public void insertNode(int value){
		
		if ( root == null)
			root = new TreeNode(value);
		else
			root.insert(value);
	}
	
	public void preorderTraversal(){
		preorder(root);
	}
	
	public void inorderTraversal(){
		inorder(root);
	}
	
	public void postorderTraversal(){
		postorder(root);
	}
	
	public void levelorderTraversal(){
		levelorder(root);
	}
	
	public void levelorder(TreeNode node){
		if (node == null)
			return;

		if (node == root)
			queue.offer(node);
		
		if (node.leftNode != null)
			queue.offer(node.leftNode);
		if (node.rightNode != null)
			queue.offer(node.rightNode);
		
		System.out.printf("%d ", queue.poll().data);
		
		levelorder(queue.peek());
	}
	
	public void preorder(TreeNode node){
		
		if (node == null)
			return;
		
		System.out.printf("%d ", node.data);
		preorder(node.leftNode);
		preorder(node.rightNode);
		
	}

	public void postorder(TreeNode node){
		
		if (node == null)
			return;
		
		postorder(node.leftNode);
		postorder(node.rightNode);
		System.out.printf("%d ", node.data);
	}

	public void inorder(TreeNode node){
		
		if (node == null)
			return;
		
		inorder(node.leftNode);
		System.out.printf("%d ", node.data);
		inorder(node.rightNode);
	}

}

TreeTest Class

import java.util.Random;


public class TreeTest {

	public static void main(String[] args){
		Tree tree = new Tree();
		int value;
		Random random = new Random();
		
		System.out.println("Inserting values");
		for (int i=1; i<=10;i++){
			value=random.nextInt(100);
			System.out.printf("%d ", value);
			tree.insertNode(value);
		}
		System.out.println();
		System.out.println("Preorder");
		tree.preorderTraversal();
		System.out.println();
		System.out.println("Postorder");
		tree.postorderTraversal();
		System.out.println();
		System.out.println("Inorder");
		tree.inorderTraversal();
		System.out.println();
		System.out.println("Levelorder");
		tree.levelorderTraversal();
	}
}

Of course, you need the Queue DS for level order traversal.


import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;


public class Queue {

	private List qlist;
	
	public Queue(){
		qlist = new ArrayList();
	}
	
	public void offer(TreeNode o){
		if (qlist.isEmpty())
			qlist.add(0, o);
		else
			qlist.add(qlist.size(), o);
	}
	
	public TreeNode poll(){
		if (qlist.isEmpty())
			return null;
		else
			return qlist.remove(0);
	}
	
	public TreeNode peek(){
		if (qlist.isEmpty())
			return null;
		else
		return qlist.get(0);
	}
}

And finally the output

Inserting values
87 77 81 89 4 26 23 27 57 1 
Preorder
87 77 4 1 26 23 27 57 81 89 
Postorder
1 23 57 27 26 4 81 77 89 87 
Inorder
1 4 23 26 27 57 77 81 87 89 
Levelorder
87 77 89 4 81 1 26 23 27 57 
Binary Tree and Tree Traversals using Java

HBase administration using the Java API, using code examples

I have not given a formal introduction on HBase, but this post will help those who have already set up and have an active HBase installation. I will be dealing with the administrative work that can be done on HBase using the Java API. The API is vast and easy to use. I have explained the code wherever I find it necessary, but this
post is by all means incomplete. I have as usual, provided the full code at the end. Cheers. ūüôā

If you want to follow along your better import all this, or if you are using an IDE like Eclipse, you’ll follow along just fine as it automatically fixes up your imports. The only thing you need to do is to set the class path to include all the jar files from the hadoop installation and/or hbase installation, especially the hadoop-0.*.*-core.jar and the jar files inside the lib folder. I’ll put in another post on that later.


import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Collection;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ClusterStatus;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HServerInfo;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.MasterNotRunningException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ZooKeeperConnectionException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HBaseAdmin;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;

1. Creating a table in HBase

    public void createTable (String tablename, String familyname) throws IOException {

        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);

        HTableDescriptor tabledescriptor = new HTableDescriptor(Bytes.toBytes(tablename));

        tabledescriptor.addFamily(new HColumnDescriptor (familyname));

        admin.createTable(tabledescriptor);

    }

2. Adding a column to an existing table

    public void addColumn (String tablename, String  colunmnname) throws IOException{

        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.addColumn(tablename, new HColumnDescriptor (colunmnname));
        System.out.println("Added column : " + colunmnname + "to table " + tablename);
    }

3. Deleting a column to an existing table

    public void delColumn (String tablename, String  colunmnname) throws IOException{

        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.deleteColumn(tablename, colunmnname);
        System.out.println("Deleted column : " + colunmnname + "from table " + tablename);
    }

4. Check if your hbase cluster is running properly

    public static void checkIfRunning() throws MasterNotRunningException, ZooKeeperConnectionException{
        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        //Check if Hbase is running
        try{
        HBaseAdmin.checkHBaseAvailable(conf);
        }catch(Exception e){
            System.err.println("Exception at " + e);
            System.exit(1);
        }
    }

5. Major compaction

    public void majorCompact (String mytable) throws IOException{

        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        //Instantiate a new client.
        HTable table = new HTable(conf,mytable);

        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);

        String tablename = table.toString();
        try{
        admin.majorCompact(tablename);
        System.out.println("Compaction done!");
        }catch(Exception e){
            System.out.println(e);
        }
    }

6. Minor compaction

    public void minorcompact(String trname) throws IOException, InterruptedException{
        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.compact(trname);
    }

7. Print out the cluster status.

    public ClusterStatus getclusterstatus () throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        return admin.getClusterStatus();
    }

8. Get all the cluster details.

    public void printClusterDetails() throws IOException{
        ClusterStatus status = getclusterstatus();

        status.getServerInfo();
        Collection serverinfo =  status.getServerInfo();
        for (HServerInfo s : serverinfo){
            System.out.println("Servername " + s.getServerName());
            System.out.println("Hostname " + s.getHostname());
            System.out.println("Hostname:Port " + s.getHostnamePort());
            System.out.println("Info port" + s.getInfoPort());
            System.out.println("Server load " + s.getLoad().toString());
            System.out.println();
        }

        String version = status.getHBaseVersion();
        System.out.println("Version " + version);

        int regioncounts = status.getRegionsCount();
        System.out.println("Regioncounts :" + regioncounts);

        int servers = status.getServers();
        System.out.println("Servers :" + servers);

        double averageload = status.getAverageLoad();
        System.out.println("Average load: " + averageload);

        int deadservers = status.getDeadServers();
        System.out.println("Deadservers : " + deadservers);

        Collection  Servernames = status.getDeadServerNames();
        for (String s : Servernames  ){
            System.out.println("Dead Servernames " + s);
        }
}

9. Disable a table.

    public void disabletable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.disableTable(tablename);
    }

10. Enable a table

    public void enabletable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.enableTable(tablename);
    }

11. Delete a table.

    public void deletetable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.deleteTable(tablename);
    }

12. Check if table is available

   public void isTableAvailable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.isTableAvailable(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " available ?" + result);
    }

13. Check if table is enabled

    public void isTableEnabled(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.isTableEnabled(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " enabled ?" + result);
    }

14. Check if table is disabled

    public void isTableDisabled(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.isTableDisabled(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " disabled ?" + result);
    }

15. Check if table exists.

    public void tableExists(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.tableExists(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " exists ?" + result);
    }

16. List all tables

    public void listTables () throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.listTables();
    }

17. Flush tables.

   public void flush(String trname) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.disableTable(trname);
    }

18. Shutdown hbase.

    public void shutdown() throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        System.out.println("Shutting down..");
        admin.shutdown();
    }

19. Modify column for a table.

    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
    public void modifyColumn(String tablename, String columnname, String descriptor) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.modifyColumn(tablename, columnname, new HColumnDescriptor(descriptor));

    }

20. Modify the avilable table.

    public void modifyTable(String tablename, String newtablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.modifyTable(Bytes.toBytes(tablename), new HTableDescriptor(newtablename));

    }

21. Split based on tablename.

    public void split(String tablename) throws IOException, InterruptedException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.split(tablename);
    }

22. Check if master is running.

    public void isMasterRunning() throws MasterNotRunningException, ZooKeeperConnectionException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin administer = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        System.out.println( "Master running ? "+ administer.isMasterRunning());
    }

There are lots more, you can check the Java API for HBase and prepare more. I found all this necessary. And some well..

The full listing of the code:

/*
 * Hbase administration basic tools.
 *
 * */

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Collection;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ClusterStatus;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HColumnDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HServerInfo;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HTableDescriptor;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.MasterNotRunningException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.ZooKeeperConnectionException;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HBaseAdmin;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;

public class HbaseAdmin {

    public HbaseAdmin(){

    }

    public void addColumn (String tablename, String  colunmnname) throws IOException{

        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.addColumn(tablename, new HColumnDescriptor (colunmnname));
        System.out.println("Added column : " + colunmnname + "to table " + tablename);
    }

    public void delColumn (String tablename, String  colunmnname) throws IOException{

        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.deleteColumn(tablename, colunmnname);
        System.out.println("Deleted column : " + colunmnname + "from table " + tablename);
    }

    public void createTable (String tablename, String familyname) throws IOException {

        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);

        HTableDescriptor tabledescriptor = new HTableDescriptor(Bytes.toBytes(tablename));

        tabledescriptor.addFamily(new HColumnDescriptor (familyname));

        admin.createTable(tabledescriptor);

    }

    public void majorCompact (String mytable) throws IOException{

        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        //Instantiate a new client.
        HTable table = new HTable(conf,mytable);

        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);

        String tablename = table.toString();
        try{
        admin.majorCompact(tablename);
        System.out.println("Compaction done!");
        }catch(Exception e){
            System.out.println(e);
        }
    }

    public static void checkIfRunning() throws MasterNotRunningException, ZooKeeperConnectionException{
        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        //Check if Hbase is running
        try{
        HBaseAdmin.checkHBaseAvailable(conf);
        }catch(Exception e){
            System.err.println("Exception at " + e);
            System.exit(1);
        }
    }

    public void minorcompact(String trname) throws IOException, InterruptedException{
        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.compact(trname);
    }

    public void deletetable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.deleteTable(tablename);
    }

    public void disabletable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.disableTable(tablename);
    }

    public void enabletable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        //Create the required configuration.
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.enableTable(tablename);
    }

    public void flush(String trname) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.disableTable(trname);
    }

    public ClusterStatus getclusterstatus () throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        return admin.getClusterStatus();
    }

    public void printClusterDetails() throws IOException{
        ClusterStatus status = getclusterstatus();

        status.getServerInfo();
        Collection serverinfo =  status.getServerInfo();
        for (HServerInfo s : serverinfo){
            System.out.println("Servername " + s.getServerName());
            System.out.println("Hostname " + s.getHostname());
            System.out.println("Hostname:Port " + s.getHostnamePort());
            System.out.println("Info port" + s.getInfoPort());
            System.out.println("Server load " + s.getLoad().toString());
            System.out.println();
        }

        String version = status.getHBaseVersion();
        System.out.println("Version " + version);

        int regioncounts = status.getRegionsCount();
        System.out.println("Regioncounts :" + regioncounts);

        int servers = status.getServers();
        System.out.println("Servers :" + servers);

        double averageload = status.getAverageLoad();
        System.out.println("Average load: " + averageload);

        int deadservers = status.getDeadServers();
        System.out.println("Deadservers : " + deadservers);

        Collection  Servernames = status.getDeadServerNames();
        for (String s : Servernames  ){
            System.out.println("Dead Servernames " + s);
        }

    }

    public void isTableAvailable(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.isTableAvailable(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " available ?" + result);
    }

    public void isTableEnabled(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.isTableEnabled(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " enabled ?" + result);
    }

    public void isTableDisabled(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.isTableDisabled(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " disabled ?" + result);
    }

    public void tableExists(String tablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        boolean result = admin.tableExists(tablename);
        System.out.println("Table " + tablename + " exists ?" + result);
    }

    public void shutdown() throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        System.out.println("Shutting down..");
        admin.shutdown();
    }

    public void listTables () throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.listTables();
    }

    @SuppressWarnings("deprecation")
    public void modifyColumn(String tablename, String columnname, String descriptor) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.modifyColumn(tablename, columnname, new HColumnDescriptor(descriptor));

    }

    public void modifyTable(String tablename, String newtablename) throws IOException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.modifyTable(Bytes.toBytes(tablename), new HTableDescriptor(newtablename));

    }

    public void split(String tablename) throws IOException, InterruptedException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin admin = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        admin.split(tablename);
    }

    public void isMasterRunning() throws MasterNotRunningException, ZooKeeperConnectionException{
        Configuration conf = HBaseConfiguration.create();
        HBaseAdmin administer = new HBaseAdmin(conf);
        System.out.println( "Master running ? "+ administer.isMasterRunning());
    }

    public static void main (String[] args) throws IOException{

        
        HbaseAdmin admin = new HbaseAdmin();

        //Check if Hbase is running properly
        HbaseAdmin.checkIfRunning();
        admin.printClusterDetails();

        //other functions based on arguments.

    }
}

And hey, I’ll update this post soon with more details especially about compaction and stuff! Till then Cheers! ūüôā

HBase administration using the Java API, using code examples

Shell scripting: Arithmetic using expr, bc and dc tools

You will definitely need to do some math sometime or the other on the shell. As always ‘expr’ was the most popular thing out there to do complicated mathematical expressions. I was looking at some other options as well when I came across the bc and dc tools. I will explain each one of them in this post.

expr

This is by far the most famous for doing some math on the bash shell. There are two kinds mainly. One on string expressions and then the usual numericals. I would be writing about the later.

expr 40 % 5
0
expr 40 / 5
8
expr 40 / 5 / 8
1
expr 40 / 5 / 8 + 1
2
expr 40 / 5 / 8 + 1 * 10
expr: syntax error

Of course, while doing multiplication you need to use the escaped character ‘\’ backslash. And thus,

expr 40 / 5 / 8 + 1 \* 10
11

The brackets, division, multiplication, addition and subtraction rules also govern here. Now lets look at the others.

bc

This is a language bc that supports arbitrary precision numbers with interactive execution of statements. It starts by processing code from all the files listed on the command line in the order listed. Now a neat way to calculate stuff is:

echo 2*30/3 | bc
20
echo "20 + 5 * 3" | bc
35

Again this follows the basic BODMAS rules.

dc

Stands for desk calculator. Its an interactive calculator on the shell. It supports the basic arithmetic and uses the standard + – / * symbols but entered after the digits. Once you enter the symbol, get the calculated output by passing ‘p’ similar to our ‘=’ symbol on the calculator. And you can keep going.

dc
98
9
*
p
882
10
/
p
88

If I find more useful tools, I’ll update this post. If you have better ideas to implement this, feel free to suggest!

Shell scripting: Arithmetic using expr, bc and dc tools